The courses are concluded by either Zkouška (abbreviation Zk, free translation “exam”) or by Zápočet (Z, “credit”). The difference here is in the requirements to pass the course. Zkouška is mostly harder, it can be oral or written examination (multiple-choice, essay, open questions, etc., sometimes electronic) or combined, but then you can earn more credits (ECTS). On the contrary, zápočet should require less from the student, sometimes it is only some mandatory attendance, other times homework, or essays during the semester. The teachers specify the way of examination (often you can find it also in the syllabus of the course in SIS). You also mostly discuss the term for the exam with her/him individually.